Freudian Psychology
  • What was Freudian Psychology and its impact on reason?
  • The Freudian Psychology was 6 theories that became influential to society. This developed by Mr. Sigmund Freud, an Austrian neuropsychologist.
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  • The six theories consisted of:
  • The Conscious and Unconscious Mind
  • The Id, Ego, and Superego
  • Life and death Instincts
  • Psychosexual Development
  • Defense Mechanism
  • The Freudian Slip

  • The Conscious and Unconscious Mind
  • Freud created theory stating that, the state of being Unconscious is when one is unaware of intents and the natural instincts, while being conscious is the state of alert on memories, thoughts, fantasies, and feelings.

  • The Id, Ego, and Superego
  • As a young child grows, they us the phrase “… it” Becomes “I want…” The person is known as id. As the id progresses, ego takes place, for the child, they find things to suit their wants. Around the age of 7, the child develops the superego. This is the memory of dos and don’ts.

  • Life and death Instincts
  • People are born with nature to survive. This includes locating food and water, and reproducing. Mr. Freud also thought that every person secretly wishes to die. Many did not believe him; however after a while they accepted his belief. Eventually, most agreed with Sigmund after further thought.
  • Psychosexual Development
  • Freud believed at 0-2 years of age you have a secret wish to get rid of your dad, for he is the one who is in the way of your food at that age. This is called the oral phase. Between ages 2-4, the stage is called sadistic-anal phase which is when a boy or girl builds a connection by forming his or her own creations. 4-7 years of age is the phallic phase. The latency period develops around 7-12 years of age. Here, you learn how to be on your own. 13 years of age and on is known as the genital phase. This results in the liking of the opposite sex.

  • Defense Mechanism
  • When one is in anxiety, the ego starts to take a defense. They call this the ego defense mechanisms, however the person is unknowingly trying ignoring or belittling the problem.

  • The Freudian Slip
  • A Freudian slip is a verbal or memory mistake that is believed to be linked to the unconscious mind.

  • Impact on Reason
  • “Freud's cultural influence is based, at least implicitly, on the premise that his theory is scientifically valid. But from a scientific point of view, classical Freudian psychoanalysis is dead as both a theory of the mind and a mode of therapy (Crews, 1998; Macmillan, 1996). No empirical evidence supports any specific proposition of psychoanalytic theory, such as the idea that development proceeds through oral, anal, phallic, and genital stages, or that little boy’s lust after their mothers and hate and fear their fathers. No empirical evidence indicates that psychoanalysis is more effective, or more efficient, than other forms of psychotherapy, such as systematic desensitization or assertiveness training. No empirical evidence indicates the mechanisms by which psychoanalysis achieves its effects, such as they are, are those specifically predicated on the theory, such as transference and catharsis.” (Par. 3.)
Sources Used


  • Cherry, Kendra. "Sigmund Freud - The Life, Work and Theories of Sigmund Freud." About.com. The New York Times Company, 2011. Web. 2 May 2011. <http://psychology.about.com/od/sigmundfreud/p/sigmund_freud.htm>.